How to choose a Floor Lamp

The general setup of a floor lamp is simple: a sturdy base that stands steadily on the floor; a tall stem extending from the base; and well, a light that might be direct or diffused. While the bare bones remain the same, floor lamps come in a variety of styles, each with their own unique functional benefits.

These are the factors when choosing a floor lamp:

  • Cost
  • Size
  • Height

Floor lamps are often positioned either in the corner of a room or behind a seating area since the increased light is useful for performing activities, reading and so on

A floor lamp usually includes these common design features:

  • A weighted floor lamp base which sits on the floor and provides stability
  • A tall pole or other way to elevate upward from the ground so that light can be placed higher in the room
  • One or more switches to operate the floor lamp
  • One or more lamp sockets or LED bulbs to provide light, usually mounted near to the top of the pole
  • Some kind of lamp shade over or around the light bulbs to shield your eyes from glare and to direct the light in a particular direction

Types of lighting

  • Incandescence. When solids and liquids are heated, they emit visible radiation at temperatures above 1,000 K; this is known as incandescence. 
  • Electric discharge. 
  • Types of Luminescence. 
  • Evolution of Electric Lamps. 
  • Performance Criteria. 
  • Main lamp types. 
  • Incandescent lamps.

Types of floor lamps

  1. Tall standing lamps
  2. Ambient floor lamps
  3. Uplight and Torchiere Floor Lamps​
  4. Reading floor lamps
  5. Arc floor lamps

Tall standing floor lamps

The shade on the floor lamp shields your eyes particularly when it is close to eye level when standing. When seated, it sometimes becomes possible to see the interior or underside of the lamp, which may expose bulbs to the eyes. In this case the lamps are best placed further from where you are sitting, or behind you.

Ambient Floor Lamps

The most common type of floor lamps, ambient floor lamps are meant to provide general light to a space. They are topped with a traditional lamp shade, which diffuses the light for semi-direct illumination, making them great for a living room corner or next to a comfortable sofa or lounge chair. They typically provide enough light for reading nearby, though not as focused as the light from a reading lamp—but more on that later.

Reading Floor Lamps

A floor lamp meant for reading provides more direct, focused light than other types of floor lamps. If you’re looking for a lamp to brighten up your favorite nook, a desk or a place you do other daily tasks, a reading lamp will usually offer brighter illumination to the space directly below it. For added versatility, look for a reading lamp with a tilting shade, flexible arm or other adjustment capabilities so you can move the light exactly where you need it.

Uplight and Torchiere Floor Lamps

Similar in structure to their traditional shaded counterparts, torchiere floor lamps are distinguished by their upward-pointing shades. The unique direction of this style of shade makes the light more of an accent than ambient or task lighting and can add dimension to corners and walls with its pop of uplighting.

Arc Floor Lamps

While standard floor lamps stay pretty stationary where you put them, an arc floor lamp can offer a bit more versatility. Combining a reading lamp and an ambient floor lamp, arc lamps have a stem that extend up and out. When the stem is adjustable, you can move the shade directly over the space to light it more directly, making it ideal for task lighting such as reading on a chair or working at a table.

Other arc lamps can duplicate the effect of an overhead light, stretching way up and over a space so they can be used over a living room conversation spaces or even over a dining table.


Obviously, each floor lamp has its own unique aesthetic. It’s important to choose a floor lamp that not only looks good to you, but also matches the space you intend to put it in. Sometimes a floor lamp will look great in pictures, but it’s important to consider the scale and how the lamp will look in your particular space. Here’s what to keep in mind:


The cost of floor lamps can vary wildly from low-cost, purely functional models, to thousands of dollars for artistic or design pieces.

Generally, the more intricate the aesthetic or desirable the name, the more expensive the piece will be. But the nature of a floor lamp often means a fantastic design can serve as a work of art for the room it’s in.


Size can vary quite a bit as well. Shaded or torchiere lamps, while tall, take up a narrow amount of space due to their vertical orientation, making them easy to fit into the surrounding space. Meanwhile, arc floor lamps take up more space due to their horizontal extension. It’s crucial to know how much space you have to fit a floor lamp into, so you can be proactive about finding the right size.

If you’re looking at a lamp with a tripod base, make sure you have enough real estate on the floor and in the surrounding area so the lamp doesn’t feel cramped or is constantly being run into.


Height is another factor to take into account. The higher the light source, the wider spread of the light. This is great for ambient lighting, but may be less ideal for task lighting where you want the light closer and more focused but out of the way so you aren’t bonking your head when you’re sitting next to it.

Also consider the scale of everything else in the room—if you have a penchant for low, platform-style furniture, make sure the lamp you choose isn’t going to tower cartoonishly above it all. Some floor lamps come with adjustable heights, which can be handy if you’re prone to switching things up often.

Finally, choose a floor lamp that allows the light source to be concealed outside of your eye level to avoid an uncomfortable glare. So if you’re standing nearby, the light source of the lamp should be covered by the shade.

Choose Your Layer of Floor Light

Perhaps most importantly, you should pick a floor lamp based on what type of lighting the room needs. Look to the three key layers of light to decide: Ambient, task and accent. Maybe you want warm ambient lighting, which an array of shaded floor lamps can provide. Or, maybe you just want some direct illumination to light up your reading chair with, in which case an arced reading lamp would be ideal. Or perhaps a torch here just to brighten up a corner and add some accent lighting. The style of light that the floor lamp emits should affect its placement as well, so make sure you get the right piece for the space.


When it comes to choosing a new lamp there are so many factors to consider. But ultimately, there is no such thing as the perfect lamp. Now some may suite others more than others of course. But the point I am trying to make is to experiment. See it as an experiment as opposed to a matter of life and death. 

But the key factors to consider have already been highlighted. If you stick to these as your guide then you will be fine whatever you end up choosing. 

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